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Block Variations

Block variations are a great way to surface one block in multiple ways. The best example for block variations is the core embed block. There are all these different embed providers like YouTube, Vimeo, and many more. It would be a lot of duplicated code to create them all as individual blocks. Instead the block variations API allows you to define variants of a block. Each variant can set their own icon, title, and default values for its attributes & inner blocks.

Core Embed Variations shown in the Block Inserter

Variations can also be used in a variations picker to choose between different predefined setups of a block. This is how the core columns block creates its initial setup state where the editor can choose from a predefined list of different variations.

Core Columns Block initial setup state

Using Block Variations

Variations can be surfaced in three ways. They can be shown in the inserter, the block (like the core columns example), and in block transforms.


By default they are shown both in the inserter and the block.

Block variations can be declared during a block's registration by providing the variations key with a proper array of variations, as defined below. In addition, there are ways to register and unregister a block variation for a block, after its registration.

variations: [
name: 'wordpress',
isDefault: true,
title: __( 'WordPress' ),
description: __( 'Code is poetry!' ),
icon: WordPressIcon,
attributes: { providerNameSlug: 'wordpress' },
name: 'google',
title: __( 'Google' ),
icon: GoogleIcon,
attributes: { providerNameSlug: 'google' },
name: 'twitter',
title: __( 'Twitter' ),
icon: TwitterIcon,
attributes: { providerNameSlug: 'twitter' },
keywords: [ __('tweet') ],
An object describing a variation defined for the block type can contain the following fields:

  • name (type string) – The unique and machine-readable name.
  • title (type string) – A human-readable variation title.
  • description (optional, type string) – A detailed variation description.
  • category (optional, type string) - A category classification, used in search interfaces to arrange block types by category.
  • icon (optional, type string | Object) – An icon helping to visualize the variation. It can have the same shape as the block type.
  • isDefault (optional, type boolean) – Indicates whether the current variation is the default one. Defaults to false.
  • attributes (optional, type Object) – Values that override block attributes.
  • innerBlocks (optional, type Array[]) – Initial configuration of nested blocks.
  • example (optional, type Object) – Example provides structured data for the block preview. You can set to undefined to disable the preview shown for the block type.
  • scope (optional, type WPBlockVariationScope[]) - the list of scopes where the variation is applicable. When not provided, it defaults to block and inserter. Available options:
    • inserter - Block Variation is shown on the inserter.
    • block - Used by blocks to filter specific block variations. Columns and Query Loop blocks have such variations and are passed to the experimental BlockVariationPicker component, which is handling the displaying of variations and the ability to select one from them.
    • transform - Block Variation will be shown in the component for Block Variations transformations.
  • keywords (optional, type string[]) - An array of terms (which can be translated) that help users discover the variation while searching.
  • isActive (optional, type Function|string[]) - This can be a function or an array of block attributes. Function that accepts a block's attributes and the variation's attributes and determines if a variation is active. This function doesn't try to find a match dynamically based on all block's attributes, as in many cases some attributes are irrelevant. An example would be for embed block where we only care about providerNameSlug attribute's value. We can also use a string[] to tell which attributes should be compared as a shorthand. Each attributes will be matched and the variation will be active if all of them are matching.


The main difference between block styles and block variations is that a block style just applies a CSS class to the block, so it can be styled in an alternative way. If we want to apply initial attributes or inner blocks, we fall in block variation territory.

To add a block variation use registerBlockVariation().


import { registerBlockVariation } from '@wordpress/blocks';

registerBlockVariation( 'core/embed', {
name: 'custom',
attributes: { providerNameSlug: 'custom' },
} );

To remove a block variation use unregisterBlockVariation().


import { unregisterBlockVariation } from '@wordpress/blocks';

unregisterBlockVariation( 'core/embed', 'youtube' );